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Rajkhowa, T.K. and Lalnunthanga, P. and Rao, P.L. and Subbiah, M. and Lalrohlua, B. (2021) Emergence of porcine circovirus 2g (PCV2g) and evidence for recombination between genotypes 2g, 2b and 2d among field isolates from non-vaccinated pigs in Mizoram, India. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 90. p. 104775. ISSN 15671348


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The molecular genetics of fourteen Porcine Circovirus 2 (PCV2) isolates from non-vaccinated pigs that died of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD) between 2012 and 2019 in the Mizoram state of North East India, was studied. The PCVAD in these pigs, that had shown characteristic clinical signs and lesions associated with post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome and reproductive failure was confirmed with detection of PCV2 DNA in the tissue samples. Complete viral genomes of these fourteen field isolates were sequenced following in house developed overlapping PCR. The multiple sequence alignment of viral capsid proteins or the open reading frame 2 (ORF2) sequences showed highly conserved residues known for antibody recognition and genotype specificity, however, variations were noticed in the amino acid residues previously known as important for in vitro replication of PCV2. The phylogenetic analyses based on the complete genome sequences enabled identi-fication of genotype PCV2g (9/14, 64.29%) for the first time in India along with genotypes PCV2d (3/14, 21.43%) and PCV2b (2/14, 14.29%). Further, recombination analyses showed evidence for recombination be-tween the genotypes 2b, 2g and 2d. This is the first report on the prevalence of genotype PCV2g and natural inter- genotypic (2g-2b, 2g-2d and 2d-2g) recombinants in India. The findings indicate a non-vaccine driven, natural genotypic shift and signify the need for routine PCV2 surveillance and genotyping. Our analyses also provide a solid ground for future studies to understand the consequences of multiple PCV2 genotypes within a pig pop-ulation with respect to vaccination, diagnostics and emergence of new genotypes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Animal Genetics and Genomics
Infectious Diseases
Inflammation Biology
Reproductive Biology
Genetic Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Harjit Singh
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2021 11:12
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2021 11:12
URI: http://niab.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/96

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