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Hegde, Nagendra R. and Gauthami, S. and Sampath Kumar, H. M. and Bayry, Jagadeesh (2018) The use of databases, data mining and immunoinformatics in vaccinology: where are we? Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery, 13 (2). pp. 117-130. ISSN 1746-0441

The use of databases data mining and immunoinformatics in vaccinology where are we.pdf

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Vaccinology has evolved from a sub-discipline focussed on simplistic vaccine development based on antibody-mediated protection to a separate discipline involving epidemiology, host and pathogen biology, immunology, genomics, proteomics, structure biology, protein engineering, chemical biology, and delivery systems. Data mining in combination with bioinformatics has provided a scaffold linking all these disciplines to the design of vaccines and vaccine adjuvants. Areas covered: This review provides background knowledge on immunological aspects which have been exploited with informatics for the in silico analysis of immune responses and the design of vaccine antigens. Furthermore, the article presents various databases and bioinformatics tools, and discusses B and T cell epitope predictions, antigen design, adjuvant research and systems immunology, highlighting some important examples, and challenges for the future. Expert opinion: Informatics and data mining have not only reduced the time required for experimental immunology, but also contributed to the identification and design of novel vaccine candidates and the determination of biomarkers and pathways of vaccine response. However, more experimental data is required for benchmarking immunoinformatic tools. Nevertheless, developments in immunoinformatics and reverse vaccinology, which are nascent fields, are likely to hasten vaccine discovery, although the path to regulatory approval is likely to remain a necessary impediment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Animal Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Harjit Singh
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2018 09:08
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2019 05:57
URI: http://niab.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/45

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