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Baig, Mirza S. and Roy, Anjali and Saqib, Uzma and Rajpoot, Sajjan and Srivastava, Mansi and Naim, Adnan and Liu, Dongfang and Saluja, Rohit and Faisal, Syed M. and Pan, Qiuwei and Turkowski, Kati and Darwhekar, Gajanan N. and Savai, Rajkumar (2018) Repurposing Thioridazine (TDZ) as an anti-inflammatory agent. Scientific Reports, 8 (1). ISSN 2045-2322


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Nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) is a crucial transcription factor in the signal transduction cascade of the inflammatory signaling. Activation of NF-κB depends on the phosphorylation of IκBα by IκB kinase (IKKβ) followed by subsequent ubiquitination and degradation. This leads to the nuclear translocation of the p50- p65 subunits of NF-κB, and further triggers pro-inflammatory cytokine gene expression. Thus, in the need of a more effective therapy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, specific inhibition of IKKβ represents a rational alternative strategy to the current therapies. A computer-aided drug identification protocol was followed to identify novel IKKβ inhibitors from a database of over 1500 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drugs. The best scoring compounds were compared with the already known high-potency IKKβ inhibitors for their ability to bind and inhibit IKKβ by evaluating their docking energy. Finally, Thioridazinehydrochloride (TDZ), a potent antipsychotic drug against Schizophrenia was selected and its efficiency in inhibiting IκBα protein degradation and NF-κB activation was experimentally validated. Our study has demonstrated that TDZ blocks IκBα protein degradation and subsequent NF-κB activation to inhibit inflammation. Thus, it is a potential repurposed drug against inflammation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Animal Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Harjit Singh
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2018 10:42
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2019 05:57
URI: http://niab.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/54

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