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Mahalakshmi, G. and Vennila, K. N. and Selvakumar, B. and Rao, P. Lakshmana and Malwade, Ruchi and Deval, Sunny and Madhuri, S. and Seenivasaperumal, M. and Elango, Kuppanagounder P. (2019) Spectroscopic investigations on DNA binding profile of two new naphthyridine carboxamides and their application as turn-on fluorescent DNA staining probes. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0739-1102

Spectroscopic investigations on DNA binding.pdf

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Two new 10-methoxydibenzo[b,h][1,6]naphthyridine-2-carboxamide derivatives (R1 and R2) have been synthesized and characterized using different spectral techniques. The binding of these probes with DNA was investigated using spectral (Electronic, fluorescence, 1H NMR and circular dichroism) and molecular docking studies. These probes exhibited a strong fluorescence around 440 nm upon excitation around 380 nm. Electronic and competitive fluorescence titration studies, in HEPES [(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid)] buffer/dimethyl sulfoxide (pH 7.4) medium, suggest that these probes bind strongly to DNA, which is substantiated by 1H NMR study. The binding constants are calculated to be 5.3 × 107 and 6.8 × 106 M-1 for R1 and R2, respectively. From the results of spectral studies, it is proposed that the mechanism of binding of these probes with DNA is through minor groove binding mode, which is further confirmed by circular dichroism and molecular docking studies. Initial cell viability screening using MTT (3-[4,5-methylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide) assay shows that normal Vero cells are viable towards these probes at nano molar concentration, which is the concentration range employed in the present study for DNA staining (IC50 in the order of 0.023 mM). The enhancement in fluorescence intensity of these probes upon binding with DNA enables the staining of DNA in agarose gel in gel electrophoresis experiment. The sensitivity of these probes is comparable with that of ethidium bromide and DNA amounts as low as 4 nano gram are detectable. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Animal Genetics and Genomics
Infectious Diseases
Inflammation Biology
Reproductive Biology
Genetic Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Harjit Singh
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 07:14
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2019 07:14
URI: http://niab.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/76

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